In flow-through systems, larvae can receive a constant and optimal amount of algae, which does not occur in a batch system
where there is higher mortality of microalgae, thus favoring bacteria growth in larviculture tanks (ANDERSEN et al., 2000; TORKILDSEN; MAGNESEN, 2004; MAGNESEN et al., 2006).
Following the addition of the nanoparticles a shift to chemically reducing Eh and near-zero DO was recorded within 15 minutes of reaction for all batch systems
The advantages of using the continuous process, conceptually more modem than batch system
, are simplicity, full automation, reproducibility, but also high energy savings, considering specific energy (more than 50% lower than batch systems
), with the only disadvantage of requiring free-flowing raw materials.
are passive, open-loop systems in which a large storage tank--often a discarded electric water heater, minus the outside covering and insulation-is painted black and placed inside an insulated box with a tempered-glass or other suitable translucent covering, which is angled toward the sun.
The Portable Batch System
, by contrast, prioritizes the programs and keeps them from starting until the resources they need become available." The highlight of the software is its flexibility.
Combining agitation-only vessels with jacketed ones is a good way to save on the capital costs of a continuous batch system
. A twist on that concept comes from the Hamilton Kettles division of Trinity Industries, Cincinnati.
Q: In my batch system
, the operator - who is a good employee and never wastes time - removes a casting from a container, performs the operation and places the casting in another container.
The Internal Revenue Service has ruled in a private letter ruling that costs incurred to convert from a batch system
of production to a just-in-time system--which produces long-term benefits--must be capitalized and may not be deducted.
Eventually, ATOMS will become a real-time on-line inventory system, replacing the current batch system
. And we'll also use the system to upload data to the MIS mainframe for costing and financial reporting.
Whereas Nissui's is a batch system
, Kawata's microwave dryers are continuous--resin is preheated with microwaves and then dried continuously with hot air.
The lower peak demand of the ZSK results in a significantly lower electric power rate, or demand charge, although the total power consumption per unit output may be equivalent to a batch system