Central Treaty Organization

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Central Treaty Organization

A former international organization consisting of Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey and the United Kingdom. The United States was also involved peripherally. It was modeled after NATO and was intended to resist Soviet expansion into the Middle East and South Asia. It was largely unsuccessful in this mission; for example, Iraq left the organization after it opened diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in 1958. It was also known as CENTO and the Baghdad Pact. It existed from 1955 to 1979.
References in periodicals archive ?
1955 - Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey and Iraq part of a defensive alliance.
As the group's original name the Baghdad Pact suggests its first headquarters were in Baghdad.
He threw the Quaid's vision of "Friendship towards all and enmity towards none" into the trash bin and signed the Baghdad Pact (later CENTO) with the USA and other countries against the Soviet Union.
The idea of a Middle East military alliance isn't new and was promoted by the British in the 1950s as the Central Treaty Organization, or Baghdad Pact, to promote shared military and economic goals, but the new plan is admittedly meant to stand against Iran and the resistance front.
The two nations later forged the Baghdad Pact which also included the newly independent Iraq, and after Iraq fell under a pro-Soviet military regime, CENTO was formed, another military pact which included Pakistan and Great Britain with the US as an associate member.
He refused the policy of axes, which manifested itself in Iraq's commitment to the positive policy of neutrality and withdrawal from the Baghdad Pact and the issuance of the law (80), who returned to Iraq its oil rights, and its recognition of the national rights of the Kurdish people and issued for CCS and the law of the agrarian reform and many other .
During Shah of Iran's era, Iran had also given support to Pakistan and was part of Baghdad Pact, which was rechristened as CENTO after overthrow of Iraqi King.
24, 1955 -- 60 years ago today -- Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan and Britain signed a defensive military agreement soon known as the Baghdad Pact, after the initial location of its secretariat.
Pakistan signed the Baghdad Pact later called CENTO in 1955 which was the confirmation of the fact that Pakistan was a close ally of the USA.
Historically oriented chapters discuss the King-Crane Commission and US policy towards the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, US policy towards Iran during the Mussadiq era, the United States and the Baghdad Pact (which formed a Middle East version of NATO), the 1957 American-Syrian crisis, US approaches to Nasser and pan-Arabism, and Cold War politics in the Middle East.
The Israeli attack on Gaza at the end of February 1955 after the signing of the Baghdad Pact, which caused the death of 37 Egyptians, revealed the incapacity of the Egyptian army to respond to the Israeli provocations.
During the Cold War, the foreign policy of the Turkish Republic moved between activism--as was seen in the Democrat Party period, the Balkan Pact, the Baghdad Pact, involvement in NATO, the UN, the Korean War, the Cyprus issue, etc.