Central Treaty Organization

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Central Treaty Organization

A former international organization consisting of Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey and the United Kingdom. The United States was also involved peripherally. It was modeled after NATO and was intended to resist Soviet expansion into the Middle East and South Asia. It was largely unsuccessful in this mission; for example, Iraq left the organization after it opened diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union in 1958. It was also known as CENTO and the Baghdad Pact. It existed from 1955 to 1979.
References in periodicals archive ?
The generation that remembers this boom period says Lebanon was fairly stable despite acute regional struggles fuelled by the Cold War polarisation and its pacts - among which was "The Baghdad pact" - created by the "Policy of Containment".
The threat to Pakistan's security from India might have been a cogent and genuine reason for joining Baghdad Pact, Cento, Seato and entering into bilateral agreements with the US, but prospects to achieve this objective were obscured with the 'clause' that they would would help Pakistan only in case of Communist aggression.
Pakistan was member of the Baghdad Pact between 1955 and 1979 and a frontline state in the war in Afghanistan after 1979.
1955 - Baghdad Pact signed, making Turkey and Iraq part of a defensive alliance.
He threw the Quaid's vision of "Friendship towards all and enmity towards none" into the trash bin and signed the Baghdad Pact (later CENTO) with the USA and other countries against the Soviet Union.
The idea of a Middle East military alliance isn't new and was promoted by the British in the 1950s as the Central Treaty Organization, or Baghdad Pact, to promote shared military and economic goals, but the new plan is admittedly meant to stand against Iran and the resistance front.
The two nations later forged the Baghdad Pact which also included the newly independent Iraq, and after Iraq fell under a pro-Soviet military regime, CENTO was formed, another military pact which included Pakistan and Great Britain with the US as an associate member.
He refused the policy of axes, which manifested itself in Iraq's commitment to the positive policy of neutrality and withdrawal from the Baghdad Pact and the issuance of the law (80), who returned to Iraq its oil rights, and its recognition of the national rights of the Kurdish people and issued for CCS and the law of the agrarian reform and many other .national achievements.
During Shah of Iran's era, Iran had also given support to Pakistan and was part of Baghdad Pact, which was rechristened as CENTO after overthrow of Iraqi King.
24, 1955 -- 60 years ago today -- Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan and Britain signed a defensive military agreement soon known as the Baghdad Pact, after the initial location of its secretariat.
Pakistan signed the Baghdad Pact later called CENTO in 1955 which was the confirmation of the fact that Pakistan was a close ally of the USA.
The 21 chapters they include explore US policy towards the region from the Woodrow Wilson era to the "Arab Spring." Historically oriented chapters discuss the King-Crane Commission and US policy towards the breakup of the Ottoman Empire, US policy towards Iran during the Mussadiq era, the United States and the Baghdad Pact (which formed a Middle East version of NATO), the 1957 American-Syrian crisis, US approaches to Nasser and pan-Arabism, and Cold War politics in the Middle East.