Back Door Listing
Informal for reverse acquisition. An act in which a private company purchases a publicly-traded company and shifts its management into the latter. This allows private companies to become publicly traded while avoiding the regulatory and financial requirements associated with an IPO. In order for a reverse acquisition to happen smoothly, the publicly-traded company is usually a shell corporation, that is, one with only an organizational structure and little or no activity. The two businesses can then merge the private company's product(s) with the public company's structure. It also makes initial trading less dependent on market conditions, a key risk in IPOs. However, it is important to note that a reverse acquisition only provides the private company with more liquidity if there is a real market interest in it.
Acquisition and merger with a listed company by an unlisted company in order to gain a listing on a securities exchange.