back-to-back loan

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Back-to-back loan

A loan in which two companies in separate countries borrow each other's currency for a specific time period and repay the other's currency at an agreed-upon maturity.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.

Back-to-Back Loan

A situation in which two companies in different countries borrow an equivalent amount from each other in their respective currencies. That is, there is no net capital output because the companies are borrowing the same amount, only in different currencies. The companies repay these loans in an agreed-upon period of time. This used to be a common way to hedge against currency fluctuations, though currency swaps have largely replaced them.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved

back-to-back loan

or

parallel loan

an arrangement under which two companies in different countries borrow each other's currency and agree to repay the loans at a specified future date. At the expiry date of the loans each company receives the full amount of its loan in its domestic currency without risk of losses from exchange-rate changes. In this way back-to-back loans serve to minimize EXCHANGE RATE EXPOSURE.
Collins Dictionary of Business, 3rd ed. © 2002, 2005 C Pass, B Lowes, A Pendleton, L Chadwick, D O’Reilly and M Afferson

back-to-back loan

or

parallel loan

an arrangement under which two companies in different countries borrow each other's currency and agree to repay the loans at a specified future date. At the expiry date of the loans, each company receives the full amount of its loan in its domestic currency without risk of losses from exchange-rate changes. In this way back-to-back loans serve to minimize EXCHANGE-RATE EXPOSURE.
Collins Dictionary of Economics, 4th ed. © C. Pass, B. Lowes, L. Davies 2005