public land survey system

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public land survey system (PLSS)

A way of subdividing and describing land in most of the United States.Texas, Hawaii, and most of the original 13 states are not described by the PLSS.The system starts with a principal meridian, which is a north-south line.There are 37 principal meridians in the United States. Each principal meridian has a base line that runs east and west through it. Land is described as being east or west of the principal meridian, and north or south of the range line associated with that meridian. Land is typically divided into 6-milesquare townships.Townships are described with reference to their principal meridian and base line.

Example: A township “2 North, Range 3 East, Mount Diablo Meridian” would mean the township is in the second tier north of the base line, and the third column east of the Mount Diablo Principal Meridian.

Each township is then divided into 36 sections.Each section is 1 mile square and contains approximately 640 acres, makingallowance for unsophisticated measuring tools employed at the time of creation.

Sections may be further subdivided into quarter-sections (160 acres),quarter-quarter sections (40 acres),or any other mathematical subdivision.The gray square in the figure on the bottom right might be described as “the northeast quarter of the northwest quarter of the southeast quarter of Section 14, Township 2 North,Range 3 East of the 6th Meridian.

References in periodicals archive ?
With Rock Guy apologizing and holding back my ponytail while I heaved all over his back forty.
Frederick George Albert Webber, 67, carried out a catalogue of abuse against four children spanning back forty years.
Head teacher Rick Widdowson said: ``For one day, the school will look back forty years to 1964 and remember when the new school building was officially opened by the Bishop of London.
I would submit that when historians look back forty years from now, they will regard the early twenty-first century as the Golden Age of Television.
As Leopold noted, "[t]he only progress that counts is that on the actual landscape of the back forty,"(3) and most of the back forty is in private ownership.
Along with Whiskeytown, other twang 'n' crunch bands drowning their troubles in steel guitars and countrified beats include Big Back Forty, the Bottle Rockets and Old 97's.
When businessmen talk about the back forty, it likely means they are going shopping - and not just to a general store and a saloon.
Chapter 1 then flashes back forty years to when Faith, eight years old, was growing up in a small Mozambican village with her parents, who were Canadian Protestant missionaries.
Come June, when orderly rows of beans and corn should be gracing the back forty, we discover 16 packages of seeds for exotic things like blue corn and miniature Rubens-painted eggplant on the closet shelf.
TSX: AQA) ("Aquila") announced today that it has submitted a formal application with the Michigan Department of Environmental Quality ("MDEQ") to secure the necessary permits and approvals to build and operate the Company's gold- and zinc-rich Back Forty Project.
is a mineral exploration Company focused on the discovery and development of high quality base and precious metal projects in prospective regions of North America with a focus on its interest in the Back Forty Project.