business process re-engineering

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Business Process Reengineering

The use of computers and information technology to improve a company's efficiency. For example, an automobile factory may automate and use more machines, rather than workers, to make cars. Because such companies need fewer workers, they often need fewer managers, who usually command higher salaries. Business process reengineering can increase the speed with which products are made (because machines can work 24 hours a day) and can reduce overhead (because the company needs to pay fewer employees). This is considered beneficial for consumers because it results in less expensive products. However, it is controversial, since some perceive BPR as a cause of unemployment.

business process re-engineering (BPR)

an approach to management which emphasizes the need to organize business operations in a multi-functional way rather than the conventional ‘compartmentalized’ way built round separate functions such as production and marketing.

Under the traditional functional-focused approach, employees tend to identify with ‘their’ own function rather than with the firm as a whole. Given, however, the growing complexity of modern business and the need to adapt to change quickly to remain competitive, BPR requires firms to take a holistic view of their operations stressing that everything which affects outcomes – processes, people, technology etc. – must be effectively coordinated across departmental boundaries. Thus the ‘focus’ of the business is clearly based on satisfying external customer needs as competitively as possible and internal processes are ‘re-engineered’ as appropriate to meet this objective. See DE-LAYERING, DOWNSIZING.

References in periodicals archive ?
Does BPR have any significant product releases that we will see this year?
A BPR initiative may involve not only radical changes of processes, but also a certain degree of change in traditions and ideologies of employees (Barley, 1990; Hammer, 1993; Jurisch, 2012; Lapointe & Rivard, 2005).
3) Integrating and streamlining personnel and pay operations through BPR and technology modernization;
The process of adapting the BPR to Basque followed the recommendations of the International Test Commission (Muniz, Elosua, & Hambleton, 2013).
The process of adapting the BPR to Spanish followed the recommendations of the International Test Commission (Elosua, Mujika, Almeida, & Hermosilla, 2014; Muniz, Elosua, & Hambleton, 2013).
NG, IP, and LEE (1999) are of the opinion that ERP and BPR are the two widely used tools for sustainability and competitive edge.
Ortuzar & Willumsen (2011) hacen un recuento historico de las principales funciones de congestion utilizadas y presentan la formulacion de las funciones de Smock (1962), Overgaard (1967), BPR (1964), Departamento de Transporte del Reino Unido (1976, 1985) y Akcelik (1991).
Rules need to be modified to take advantage of the evolutionary strategy an integrated BPR and COTS implementation requires.
BPR is the logical organization of people, materials, energy, equipment and procedures into work activities designed to produce a specified and result--Davenport and Short (1990).
Managing partner Rowan Sumner said: "Integrating the two firms is a sensible step in this difficult market, and we expect that BPR clients will benefit from the expanded range of services that SB&P can offer.
The BPR 100/80D plate compactor is powered by a Tier 4 single-cylinder Hatz 1D 90Z diesel engine rated 14.
While the objective of BPR is to eliminate non--value-added activities and administrative barriers, ERP implementation projects seek to streamline an organization's processes by integrating the information flow into a single system.