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The performance of a predetermined set of securities, used for comparison purposes. Such sets may be based on published indexes or may be customized to suit an investment strategy.
Copyright © 2012, Campbell R. Harvey. All Rights Reserved.


A standard against which a security's performance is compared. A benchmark is usually an index of securities of the same or similar class. Stocks are usually compared against stocks; bonds against bonds, etc. Another type of benchmark considers securities according to industry: a telecommunications stock may be compared to other telecommunications stocks. Likewise, mid-cap securities may be benchmarked against other mid-cap securities. Some indices, such as the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the S&P 500, are considered to be benchmarks for the wider economy.
Farlex Financial Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All Rights Reserved


A standard by which something is measured. For example, bond yields are generally compared to benchmark yields on U.S. Treasury securities of similar maturity. Mutual fund performance is often compared to changes in the Standard & Poor's 500 Stock Index.
Wall Street Words: An A to Z Guide to Investment Terms for Today's Investor by David L. Scott. Copyright © 2003 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. All rights reserved.


An investment benchmark is a standard against which the performance of an individual security or group of securities is measured.

For example, the average annual performance of a class of securities over time is a benchmark against which current performance of members of that class and the class itself is measured.

When the benchmark is an index tracking a specific segment of the market, the changing value of the index not only measures the strength or weakness of its segment but is the standard against which the performance of individual investments within the segment are measured.

For example, the Standard & Poor's 500 Index (S&P 500) and the Dow Jones Industrial Average (DJIA) are the most widely followed benchmarks, or indicators, of the US market for large-company stocks and the funds that invest in those stocks.

There are other indexes that serve as benchmarks for both broader and narrower segments of the US equities markets, of international markets, and of other types of investments such as bonds, mutual funds, and commodities.

Individual investors and financial professionals often gauge their market expectations and judge the performance of individual investments or market sectors against the appropriate benchmarks. In a somewhat different way, the changing yield on the 10-year US Treasury bond is considered a benchmark of investor attitudes.

For example, a lower yield is an indication that investors are putting money into bonds, driving up the price, possibly because they expect stock prices to drop. Conversely, a higher yield indicates investors are putting their money elsewhere.

Originally the term benchmark was a surveyor's mark indicating a specific height above sea level.

Dictionary of Financial Terms. Copyright © 2008 Lightbulb Press, Inc. All Rights Reserved.


A permanent reference mark,usually set in concrete or iron and used to establish the elevation above sea level or certain corners in a surveying system. All other measurements in the area should be checked for accuracy relative to the nearest benchmark, preferably against several nearby benchmarks to establish redundancy.

The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
It comes as no surprise that Bapco, serving as a key national economic figurehead and leading employer in Kingdom of Bahrain, possesses a unique responsibility, whereby it takes care of and caters to the concept of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in an ambitious framework that aims to support the national economy and Bahrain's aspirations in supporting the sustainable development in the country.
What were the highlights of Bapco's performance in 2017?
Bapco's facilities are located on a trading channel in and out of the Arabian Gulf and form an ideal base for a new gasoline operation.
The council's CEO, Dr Adel Khalifa Al Zayani, recently hosted a delegation from Bapco, chaired by Talib and John Kneiss, director of North America, Hart Energy Consulting, the mandatory company to prepare an environmental feasibility study on the compound MTBE.
"This is undoubtedly the right move for Bapco Closures to enable us to widen our market and introduce more retailers to our unique closure technology."
The ceremony was attended by Shaikh Mohamed bin Khalifa bin Ahmed Al-Khalifa, Minister of Oil and chairman of Bapco board of directors, board members and Bapco management.
Some of the components of Bapco's strategy are based on cost-reductions and savings that it can achieve because of the competitive situation.
Bapco's deputy chief executive Ebrahim Talib said the two STGs developed over the last two years have a capacity of 14 megawatts each and are now fully operational.
Bahrain Petroleum Company (Bapco) chief executive Faisal Al Mahroos was honoured as 'Man of the Year' by the Oil & Gas Year, Bahrain 2011.
BAPCO has reassured authorities that its expansion work in Sitra will not have environmental impacts.