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The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.


the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.


the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
Compasrison of platelet count by peripheral smear method and automated method in pregnant women.
According to the findings, the use of the automated method would enhance the accuracy and reproducibility of GeneFx Colon, and would streamline the workflow by reducing the processing time and increasing batch size, commented Precision Therapeutics vice president of operations Laurie K Huard.
VesMATIC cube80[TM] is a newly developed bench top automated method which can give the ESR readings in 30 minutes (equivalent to 1 hour Westergren) of 100 patients with all the temperature corrections at 18[degrees]C using infrared barriers which are not seen with the usual standardized methods for ESR.
5 software includes Method Forge, an automated method builder, designed to reduce method development time, optimize efficiency, and simplify day-to-day sample analysis.
Topics covered include Fundamentals of Offline and Online SPE, Technology comparisons; detailed description of Symbiosis hardware; automated Method Development using Symbiosis; and Fundamentals of LC-MS technology.
Initial experiments indicated that the automated method was only 50% as efficient as the manual method for recovery of both CMV genomic DNA and the QS, as judged by the total absorbance of the amplified products (data not shown).
In contrast, automated full-blood-count is regarded as routine for febrile patients, and the new automated method has the potential to detect additional, unsuspected cases, in which clinical suspicion did not lead to requests for malaria testing.
A new automated method for the quantitative determination of C-peptide in human serum, plasma, or urine is available for use on the ARCHITECT immunoassay analyzer.
Updated versions of proprietary automated Method Development HPLC systems feature enhanced functionality and simplified operation to enable users of various experience levels to accelerate the pharmaceutical development process.
has developed another automated method of placing prepreg tows on complex-shaped tools.

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