automation

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Related to Automata theory: Finite automata

Automation

The use of machinery, rather than persons, to complete a task. Automation has become increasingly common with leaps in technology that occurred in the 19th and 20th centuries. Automation is thought to have increased efficiency; for example, it made mass production of goods possible. Critics contend, however, that it renders jobs obsolete, undermining workers and reducing people's knowledge of how to "do" things. See also: Industrial Revolution.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines such as robots to undertake frequently-repeated PRODUCTION processes to make them self-regulating, thus avoiding human intervention in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit.

Automation can be applied to mass production, PRODUCTION-LINE operations which are performed in a fixed sequence with high volumes but in a relatively inflexible way, where changes in the process to accommodate product changes are difficult and costly to implement (fixed automation). Automation can also be applied to lower volume BATCH PRODUCTION type operations, allowing in this case for greater flexibility in accommodating product changes by reprogramming the numerically-controlled machine's/robot's instructions to facilitate rapid changeovers (flexible or programmable automation). See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM.

automation

the use of mechanical or electrical machines, such as robots, to undertake frequently repeated production processes to make them self-regulating, thus minimizing or eliminating the use of labour in these processes. Automation often involves high initial capital investment but, by reducing labour costs, cuts VARIABLE COST per unit. See FLEXIBLE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM, PRODUCTIVITY, TECHNOLOGICAL PROGRESSIVENESS, CAPITAL-LABOUR RATIO, MASS PRODUCTION, COMPUTER.
References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, the automata theory has an advantage of ensuring that the desired goal is achieved in form of milestones (checkpoints) and so provide the system with prompt feedback about the formation status, while the virtual grid provides the agents in the system with an interconnection technique that bonds the agents together and controls their behavioral activity.
(eds.) Language and Automata Theory and Applications, Lecture Notes in Computer Science, vol.
As a continuation of the work in [29-31], a fundamental framework of fuzzy pushdown automata theory based on complete residuated lattice-valued logic has been established in recent years by Xing et al.
Based on cellular automata theory of collaborative design task scheduling model.
Princeton asked me to develop a course in automata theory to expand the scope of the curriculum beyond the digital design course then being offered.
in automata theory and exact real number arithmetic.
Additive cellular automata theory and its application i, ieee computer society press, california.
Among specific topics are a license plate recognition algorithm based on radial basis function neural networks, fabric weave design based on cellular automata theory, the experimental education of technical courses in the information age, learning causal semantic representation from information extraction, a symplectic scheme of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation, and a humanoid intelligent control system of plastic corrugated board synchronous shearing.
Using theoretical computer simulators for formal languages and automata automata theory. ACM SIGCSE Bulletin, 35(2):33-37, 2003.
We stress that this new point of view on classical questions is a key part of our methodology: we aim at creating a powerful synergy between the different approaches we propose to develop, placing automata theory and related methods at the heart of the subject.
The paper is organized as follows: After this introduction, we recall in Section 2 some basic notions from graph theory and from automata theory. We study structural properties of the cycle rank of digraphs in Section 3.
He has updated this edition to follow the recommendations of the ACM/SIGCSE 2001 task force and to include such topics as automata theory and recursive algorithms as well as new examples and more real-world programming projects.