Lee's work does not displace current theories of democratisation or authoritarian transition, but it does give new insights into how autocratic rule
can break down in Asia or in certain cases, continue to be upheld by the incumbent regime.
Time under autocratic rule
and time since autocratic rule
will affect the degree to which societies are able to accumulate the knowledge necessary for the development of a well-functioning order.
Given the well-documented deeds of Lenin, Trotsky, Stalin, Khrushchev, Brezhnev, Yeltsin, Gorbachev, and Putin, a casual geo-political history buff might get the mistaken idea that the brutal, seventy-year Communist experiment in autocratic rule
was a Soviet-era invention.
Party of European Socialists and Bulgarian Socialist Party chair Sergey Stanishev has once again slammed what socialists see as the autocratic rule
of Hungarian PM Viktor Orban.
Army defectors who had taken refuge in Bab Amro and helped defend the neighbourhood, which has seen regular street rallies against Assad's autocratic rule
, had withdrawn and loyalist forces moved in overnight, they said.
The killings were mainly in the cities of Hama and Homs where men loyal to Assad have raided homes in their efforts to stop protests and a nascent armed insurgency against his autocratic rule
. (Writing by Marwa Awad)
Since uprisings began 10 months ago, the leaders of Tunisia, Egypt and Libya have been toppled, while Syria and Yemen continue to see mass demonstrations against autocratic rule
He was both condemned and courted by the West, while he brutally warped his country with his idiosyncratic vision of autocratic rule
until he was finally toppled by his own people.
Demonstrations against Assad during the five-month uprising against his autocratic rule
have been biggest in Sunni neighbourhoods of Latakia, including Salibiya in the centre of the city and Raml al-Filistini and al-Shaab on the southern shore, where troops and tanks have been besieging the two neighbourhoods for months.
Speaking through his lawyers, Ben Ali denied the charges against him and mounted a defense of his time in office, which many Tunisians say was marked by autocratic rule
, corruption and abuses of human rights.
They began attacking villages and burning crops in a scorched-earth policy designed to break the will of the local residents who had participated in protests demanding democracy an end to Assad's autocratic rule
As citizens protest poverty and autocratic rule
throughout the Middle East, global powers urge leaders to arrange transfer of power quickly, avoiding instability that allows terrorist groups to thrive.