Right of Return

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Right of Return

The legal right that an individual has to go back to his/her country. The right of return is guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, but there is debate about what is meant by "country," whether it refers to one's physical place of birth or the state with which one's ethnicity is associated. The right of return remains controversial in many places, notably Israel and the Palestinian territories.
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Contact point(s): Fachbereich 33 Asylbewerber und Aussiedler
The expansion of this archive has also encouraged scholars in the field to consider the literature, history, and experiences of other groups of migrants, such as Aussiedler from former Soviet Bloc countries who were allowed to immigrate to Germany on the basis of their German ethnicity; expellees from the German-Polish border regions at the end of the Second World War; and migrants coming to Germany from African countries such as Namibia, Morocco, or Mozambique, some as post-colonial subjects and others through guest-worker agreements.
Today that paradigm applies only to Old Order groups like the Amish and some of the Aussiedler communities in Germany descended from Russian Mennonites.
The search takes her into a vast geographic matrix: from her home in Toronto to Abbotsford, BC to interview her dying father, then to the homes of the Soviet Aussiedler community in Germany, on to the sites of the once-good life in Ukraine, then farther along the Trans-Siberian into the interior of Russia, to the western Ural Mountains, the northern gulag, the black soils of Omsk, Siberia, into the heart of Kazakhstan and beyond, always finding still more cousins.
6 million Turkish citizens living in the country; the Aussiedler, ethnic Germans of the Eastern bloc, have to prove their language skills to "return.
21) En Alemania existe ademas una problematica especifica con los Aussiedler, alemanes de origen etnico que regresaban a su pais procedentes de territorios que habian pertenecido a Alemania hasta el final de la II Guerra Mundial.
The largely negative experiences of the newcomers and the subsequent ethno-national re-negotiations are captured quite well by the titles of the various chapters, such as "From Germans to Migrants: Aussiedler Migration to Germany" by Amanda Klekowski von Koppenfels, "Ethnic Hierarchy and Its Impact on Ethnic Identities: A Comparative Analysis of Peruvian and Brazilian Ethnic Return Migrants in Japan" by Ayumi Takenaka, or "Brothers Only in Name: The Alienation and Identity Transformation of Korean Chinese Return Migrants in South Korea" by Changzoo Song.
38) While ethnic German migrants, so-called Aussiedler and Spataussiedler, could be absent from German territory for generations and centuries and were still recognized as German citizens, (39) the children of German-born foreign "guest" workers who lived in Germany for decades did not, until recently, automatically obtain German citizenship.
Yet, the oppositional dyads such as "Europe-Russia," "East-West" and more local ones such as "Berlin-Karaganda" [a city in Kazakhstan from which many Aussiedler came] are still relevant on a daily level and in a media discourse.
For the period from 1995 to 2002, 43 percent of net migration consisted of Germans, attracted by the generous resettlement package for the aussiedler and the strong German economy.
Indeed, it may be denied that fellow ethnics are really immigrants at all, as was the case with Germany's postwar Aussiedler policy.