Also found in: Acronyms.
The practice of making a loan secured by an asset. While, in theory, many loans are asset-based mortgages, the term most commonly applies to loans secured by something unusual, such as accounts receivable or intellectual property. Businesses take out most asset-based loans and pledge something used in the conduct of their businesses as collateral, such as inventory. As with all secured loans, asset-based loans have lower interest rates than unsecured loans. The practice is also called asset-based lending.