It performs functions analogous to the ARPANET
's host-to-host protocol.
Graduate students designed ARPANET
's protocols, often over pizza.
The original ARPANET
was built using 56 kilobits-per-second lines for the backbone transmission.
also spawned the short-lived satellite network (SATNET).
From the days of the Arpanet
to today's Internet, it's e-business; there's no denying that this amalgam of microelectronic packages and pc boards has become instrumental to the way the industry does business.
, which eventually evolved into the modern Internet, The Grid today is primarily the realm of academics, computer scientists, and the government.
The computer revolution began with government research projects like ARPANET
, the benefits of which, coincidentally, began to trickle down to the private sector toward the start of Reagan's first term.
Yet its predecessor was originally formed in 1969 as a military network called Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPAnet
) as part of the Department of Defense.
Brown's unqualified statement flies in the face of accepted wisdom, which suggests the first electronic communication between two computers took place between UCLA and the Stanford Research Institute in the United States over the Arpanet
, some time in October 1969.
The first internet network linked just four computers at US Universities and was called ARPANET
. Today, around 60 million computers are linked, used by 300 million users - five per cent of the world's population.
Created in 1969 as a partnership between the ivory towers of academe and the corridors of power at the Pentagon, the original purpose of the Internet carried a Cold War cachet: ARPANET
(Advanced Research Projects Agency Network), as it was christened, was to be a network for the exchange of defense-related information.