An annotated bibliography of the spinose ear tick, Otobius megnini, (Duges, 1883) (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae
The life cycle of Argasidae
(soft) ticks consists of three life stages: larvae, nymphs, and adults.
Garrapatas peridomesticas (Acari: Ixodidae, Argasidae
) de Matamoros, Coahuila, Mexico.
These soft-shelled Argasidae
ticks differ from hard Ixodidae ticks in several key characteristics: they have multiple nymphal stages; they feed rapidly, typically between 15 and 90 minutes; as adults, they can feed and reproduce repeatedly, are capable of surviving for several years between blood meals (73); and the spirochetes may colonize their salivary glands, rather than the midgut, allowing for rapid deposition after host attachment.
Association patterns of ticks (Acari: Ixodida: Ixodidae, Argasidae
) of small mammals in Cerrado Fragments, western Brazil.
Antibody responses of laboratory mice to sequential feeding by two species of argasid ticks (Acari: Argasidae
Tick paralysis (TP) is only transmitted by blood-feeding gravid adult female ticks by an incompletely characterized neurotoxin produced by the tick's salivary glands.11 Ticks are classified into three families: (1) the Ixodidae, or hard ticks; (2) the Argasidae
, or soft ticks; and (3) the Nuttalliellidae, a much lesser known family, with characteristics of both hard and soft ticks.
Both Ixodidae (hard) and Argasidae
(soft) ticks can be reservoirs of the organism with greater than 40 species of ticks serving as natural reservoirs that remain infected throughout life and can transmit the bacterium transovarially.