Arbiter

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Arbiter

An impartial third party asked to resolve a disagreement without forcing the disputants to go to court. The parties to the dispute agree to make their cases before one or more arbiters and to abide by whatever decision the arbiter or arbiters make, each party forgoing the right to an appeal. There are generally three arbiters, but there may be up to five. An arbiter is also called an arbitrator, or, less formally, an umpire.
References in periodicals archive ?
On November 19,USDAW union officials met the company's director of distribution in a meeting brokered by independent arbitors from Acas.
The DOHA: (1) provides hearings and issues decisions in personnel security clearance cases for contractor personnel doing classified work for all DOD components and twenty other federal agencies and departments; (2) conducts personal appearances and issues recommended decisions in security clearance cases for DOD civilian employees and military personnel; (3) settles claims for uniformed service pay and allowances and claims for transportation carriers for amounts deducted for loss or damage; (4) conducts hearings and issues decisions in cases involving claims for special education benefits and claims for medical and dental benefits; and (5) functions as a central clearing house for DOD alternative dispute regulation activities and as a source of third-party arbitors for such activities.
Local, state, and federal courts are frequently the arbitors of cases that impact solid waste disposal, water/wastewater treatment, traffic control, road maintenance, municipal liability, and other public works concerns.