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Statistical composite that measures changes in the economy or in financial markets, often expressed in percentage changes from a base year or from the previous month. Indexes measure the ups and downs of stock, bond, and some commodities markets, in terms of market prices and weighting of companies in the index.


A statistical measure of the value of a certain portfolio of securities. The portfolio may be for a certain class of security, a certain industry, or may include the most important securities in a given market, among other options. The value of an index increases when the aggregate value of the underlying securities increases, and decreases when the aggregate value decreases. An index may track stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and any other security or investment vehicle, including other indices. An index's value may be weighted; for example, securities with higher prices or greater market capitalization may affect the index's value more than others. One of the most prominent examples of an index is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which is weighted for price and tracks 30 stocks important in American markets.


The relative value of a variable in comparison with itself on a different date. Many security price indicators such as the Standard & Poor's series and the New York Stock Exchange series are constructed as indexes. Also called stock index. See also base period.


To adjust a variable by a selected measure of relative value. For example, it has been proposed that an investor's basis on a security be indexed for changes in consumer prices so that only real increases in value will be taxed. Also called tax indexing. See also subindex.


An index reports changes up or down, usually expressed as points and as a percentage, in a specific financial market, in a number of related markets, or in an economy as a whole.

Each index -- and there are a large number of them -- measures the market or economy it tracks from a specific starting point. That point might be as recent as the previous day or many years in the past.

For those reasons, indexes are often used as performance benchmarks against which to measure the return of investments that resemble those tracked by the index.

A market index may be calculated arithmetically or geometrically. That's one reason two indexes tracking similar markets may report different results. Further, some indexes are weighted and others are not.

Weighting means giving more significance to some elements in the index than to others. For example, a market capitalization weighted index is more influenced by price changes in the stock of its largest companies than by price changes in the stock of its smaller companies.


(1) A statistical indicator that measures changes in the economy in general or in particular areas.An example is the cost-of-living index.(2) A reference point against which measurements are taken for purposes of making future adjustments.An adjustable-rate mortgage might begin with an interest rate of 6 percent and provide that it will increase or decrease in a like percentage as the increase or decrease between today's quoted price for 10-year U.S.Treasury bonds and the price on the loan's annual anniversary date.We would say that 10-year T-bonds are the index.

Some leading loan indices include

• Wall Street Journal prime
• Federal discount rate
• Fed funds rate
• 11th District Cost of Funds
• 10-year Treasuries
• One-year LIBOR

References in periodicals archive ?
There were 16 total number of patients with body mass index of less than 25, out of them 14(28%), 1(2%), 1(2%), had apnea-hypopnea index less than 5, 5-14 and 15-29 respectively.
All 66 children with ADHD had apnea-hypopnea index scores between 1 and 5 (mild apnea) before treatment.
In early studies, researchers traditionally determined the variability of sleep-disordered breathing by calculating the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) and the apnea index (AI).
The percentage of women with an apnea-hypopnea index of more than 15--flagging severe sleep disturbance--was 2.
The apnea-hypopnea index in patients without proteinuria was similar to that of patients with 1+ to 3+ proteinuria.
Nevertheless, the balance of evidence does show that CPAP is more effective than are control conditions or sham CPAP at improving scores on the apnea-hypopnea index, which measures the number of apneic and hypopneic episodes per hour of monitored sleep.
Treatment for OSA consisted of adenotonsillectomy followed by monitored continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for children whose apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score was higher than 3, or nasal treatments for those with an AHI score of 2-3, she explained.
Among the subset of heart failure patients with excessive daytime sleepiness who had undergone testing in a sleep laboratory, the majority was found to have sleep-disordered breathing, with an apnea-hypopnea index of at least 15 events per hour, reported Dr.
The mean apnea-hypopnea index prior to surgery was 25 among the children with OSAS and 3 among those with SDB.
4% were diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, defined as having an apnea-hypopnea index of more than 5 and severe daytime sleepiness, Dr.