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Statistical composite that measures changes in the economy or in financial markets, often expressed in percentage changes from a base year or from the previous month. Indexes measure the ups and downs of stock, bond, and some commodities markets, in terms of market prices and weighting of companies in the index.


A statistical measure of the value of a certain portfolio of securities. The portfolio may be for a certain class of security, a certain industry, or may include the most important securities in a given market, among other options. The value of an index increases when the aggregate value of the underlying securities increases, and decreases when the aggregate value decreases. An index may track stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and any other security or investment vehicle, including other indices. An index's value may be weighted; for example, securities with higher prices or greater market capitalization may affect the index's value more than others. One of the most prominent examples of an index is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, which is weighted for price and tracks 30 stocks important in American markets.


The relative value of a variable in comparison with itself on a different date. Many security price indicators such as the Standard & Poor's series and the New York Stock Exchange series are constructed as indexes. Also called stock index. See also base period.


To adjust a variable by a selected measure of relative value. For example, it has been proposed that an investor's basis on a security be indexed for changes in consumer prices so that only real increases in value will be taxed. Also called tax indexing. See also subindex.


An index reports changes up or down, usually expressed as points and as a percentage, in a specific financial market, in a number of related markets, or in an economy as a whole.

Each index -- and there are a large number of them -- measures the market or economy it tracks from a specific starting point. That point might be as recent as the previous day or many years in the past.

For those reasons, indexes are often used as performance benchmarks against which to measure the return of investments that resemble those tracked by the index.

A market index may be calculated arithmetically or geometrically. That's one reason two indexes tracking similar markets may report different results. Further, some indexes are weighted and others are not.

Weighting means giving more significance to some elements in the index than to others. For example, a market capitalization weighted index is more influenced by price changes in the stock of its largest companies than by price changes in the stock of its smaller companies.


(1) A statistical indicator that measures changes in the economy in general or in particular areas.An example is the cost-of-living index.(2) A reference point against which measurements are taken for purposes of making future adjustments.An adjustable-rate mortgage might begin with an interest rate of 6 percent and provide that it will increase or decrease in a like percentage as the increase or decrease between today's quoted price for 10-year U.S.Treasury bonds and the price on the loan's annual anniversary date.We would say that 10-year T-bonds are the index.

Some leading loan indices include

• Wall Street Journal prime
• Federal discount rate
• Fed funds rate
• 11th District Cost of Funds
• 10-year Treasuries
• One-year LIBOR

References in periodicals archive ?
KEY WORDS: ankle-brachial index, average daily traffic, cardiovascular disease, exposure assessment, exposure to tailpipe emissions, intima media thickness, land use regression model, Mediterranean diet, nitrogen dioxide.
Ankle-brachial index for assessment of peripheral arterial disease.
The arterial Doppler testing measures brachial, popliteal and ankle pressures and is used to calculate the ankle-brachial index (ABI = ankle pressure/best brachial pressure).
7] Nonstandard abbreviations: PAD, peripheral arterial disease; UGT1A1, uridine diphosphate glucuronosyltransferase; T2DM, type 2 diabetes mellitus; ABI, ankle-brachial index.
Most epidemiologic and clinical studies have used a noninvasive measurement, the ankle-brachial index (ABI), to diagnose PAD which involves measuring the systolic blood pressure in the ankles (dorsalis pedis and posterior tibial arteries) and arms (brachial artery) using a handheld Doppler and then calculating a ratio.
The age-adjusted prevalence of PAD, defined as the average of the left and right ankle-brachial index being less than 0.
All diabetic patients over 50 years of age should be screened for peripheral arterial disease using the ankle-brachial index, the American Diabetes Association has recommended.
Secondary endpoints include Pain Free Walking Distance, Resting Pain, Ankle-Brachial Index, NSS/NIS survey and Quality of Life assessments.
We urge readers who experience leg or hip pain when walking to ask their doctors about an ankle-brachial index test.
This inexpensive test, known as the ankle-brachial index (ABI), is a cost-effective method to detect disease in asymptomatic patients.
Results: Patients with wound chronicity and an abnormally low ankle-brachial index (low blood flow to the limbs) were treated with standard wound treatment prior to initiation of dHACM therapy.
Defining PAD by measurement of ABI is most accurate (7) and determination of ankle-brachial index (ABI) is a simple noninvasive procedure that can easily be performed in the outpatient setting (8).