Americans with Disabilities Act

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Americans with Disabilities Act

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1990, that extended civil rights laws to persons who are physically disabled. Among other provisions, it requires facilities to accommodate the disabled insofar as it is possible. Businesses must comply with the Act when they build or expand their buildings. For example, most new commercial buildings with steps are required to provide access for persons who use wheelchairs.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)

A federal law that grants civil rights protections to individuals with disabilities. It guarantees equal opportunity for individuals with disabilities in public accommodations, employment, transportation, state and local government services, and telecommunications.

• Real estate: The Act is most relevant in its provisions regarding public accommodation. Responsibility for compliance is placed on both landlords and tenants, as well as other property owners. Many commercial leases allocate the burden of ADA compliance so that the tenant must pay for any alterations or improvements necessary to bring a property into compliance.

• Places of public accommodation: These include a wide range of entities, such as restau- rants, hotels, theaters, doctors' offices, pharmacies, retail stores, museums, libraries, parks, private schools, and day care centers. Private clubs and religious organizations are exempt.

• Accessibility for existing properties: Steps must be taken to remove barriers, if it can be done easily and without much expense. The evaluation of the expense depends on the size and financial strength of the entity.

• Accessibility requirements when a property undergoes alteration or renovation: For example, if during renovations a doorway is being relocated, the new doorway must be wide enough to meet the new construction standard for accessibility. When alterations are made to a primary function area, such as the lobby of a bank or the dining area of a cafeteria, an accessible path of travel to the altered area must also be provided. The bathrooms, telephones, and drinking fountains serving that area must also be made accessible. These additional accessibility alterations are only required to the extent that the added accessibility costs do not exceed 20 percent of the cost of the original alteration.

• Accessibility in new construction: The ADA requires that all new construction of places of public accommodation, as well as of “commercial facilities” such as office buildings, be accessible. Elevators are generally not required in facilities under three stories or with fewer than 3,000 square feet per floor, unless the building is a shopping center or mall; the professional office of a health care provider; a terminal, depot, or other public transit station; or an airport passenger terminal.

• Litigation: Private individuals may bring lawsuits to obtain injunctive relief to force compliance with the ADA and recover their attorneys' fees for the litigation, but may not obtain money damages. Citizens may also file complaints with the United States attorney general, who is authorized to bring lawsuits in cases of general public importance or where a pattern of discrimination is alleged. The suit can ask for money damages and civil penalties.

• The official ADA Web site is www.usdoj.gov/crt/ada/.

References in periodicals archive ?
1) The court must consider, but is not limited by, the provisions of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 in determining whether to provide an accommodation or an appropriate alternative accommodation.
Zunker also reminded counselors that the Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA; West, 1993) requires employers to provide reasonable accommodations to individuals with disabilities.
It also addresses two federal laws that prohibit discrimination against individuals with disabilities: the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973.
Camp Directors Primer to the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 by the National Camp Executives Group
Information is based on requirements of Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 which prohibit discrimination on the basis of disability.
Other areas of the law also pertain to accessibility, such as the broader Section 504 that gives disabled individuals equal access to "a college, university, or other post secondary institution, or public system of higher education," and the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (www.
With the ratification of the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, Jones figured this was an untapped market.
The Americans With Disabilities Act of 1990 - Prohibits employment discrimination against qualified individuals with disabilities, mental as well as physical.
EQUAL EMPLOYMENT Opportunity Commission(EEOC) has settled its first court action challenging the use of workplace genetic testing under the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 (ADA).
Since then, the disability rights movement has followed the civil rights movement to astonishing legislative success, culminating in the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990.
Similar in scope to facility design changes required by the Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990, the FCC rule requires that inexpensive changes to telecommunications equipment be made immediately and that service providers distribute this equipment so that it is widely available.

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