Rivers's Other Voices: The New Journalism in America (2011); Lauren Kessler's The Dissident Press: Alternative Journalism
in American History (1984); Bob Ostertag's People's Movements, People's Press: The Journalism of Social Justice Movements (2006); and Todd Vogel's The Black Press: New Literary and Historical Essays, (Vogel (Ed.), 2001) eschew the term literary journalism and its old and new avatars.
Similarly, the articles of a special issue of Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism together recognize, according to Atton (2003), "that alternative journalism
is practised in a multiplicity of hybridized, content-specific and contingent ways" (p.
To me it is alternative journalism
that tends to look beyond the obvious or beyond what is reported.
There are others, such as Raseef22, an alternative journalism
Another mechanism that transcends so-called objectivity and ensures fair representation of cultural minorities is the promotion of minority media and alternative journalism
. The minorities can develop an alternative journalism
which is different from the mainstream media in order to raise their concerns at the community level.
(2011) 'Alternative journalism
as active citizenship', Journalism, 12(1), 15-31.
Harcup, Tony, Alternative Journalism
, Alternative Voices, Routledge, London, 2013, ISBN 9 7804 1552 1189 5, 185 pp.
The Three Alternative Journalism
of Africa, The International Communication Gazette, 74 (7), 636-654.
of Sheffield, England) presents new and old essays mapping the development of "alternative journalism
" in the UK since the 1970s.
- Integrative Model for Mainstream and Alternative Journalism
is not in a position to really challenge the news industry.
challenges the rules and routines of normalized and professionalized practices.