Rivers's Other Voices: The New Journalism in America (2011); Lauren Kessler's The Dissident Press: Alternative Journalism
in American History (1984); Bob Ostertag's People's Movements, People's Press: The Journalism of Social Justice Movements (2006); and Todd Vogel's The Black Press: New Literary and Historical Essays, (Vogel (Ed.
Similarly, the articles of a special issue of Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism together recognize, according to Atton (2003), "that alternative journalism
is practised in a multiplicity of hybridized, content-specific and contingent ways" (p.
To me it is alternative journalism
that tends to look beyond the obvious or beyond what is reported.
There are others, such as Raseef22, an alternative journalism
The minorities can develop an alternative journalism
which is different from the mainstream media in order to raise their concerns at the community level.
Harcup, Tony, Alternative Journalism
, Alternative Voices, Routledge, London, 2013, ISBN 9 7804 1552 1189 5, 185 pp.
The Three Alternative Journalism
of Africa, The International Communication Gazette, 74 (7), 636-654.
The final section is a summary of alternative journalism
today and the future of oppositional reporting.
Integrative Model for Mainstream and Alternative Journalism
is not in a position to really challenge the news industry.
challenges the rules and routines of normalized and professionalized practices.
That the Western model continues to dominate worldwide and to be recognised by the United Nations as the primary journalism model to be propagated in developing countries is evidenced by the 2007 UNESCO model journalism curricula, which fails to mention development journalism or any other alternative journalism
models in defending and advocating for the new Western-based model they propose.