The fifth diagnostic is the cross sectional autocorrelation test also called cross sectional dependence, the null hypothesis is that the cross sections are independent and the

alternative hypothesis is that the cross sectionals are dependent.

2) A table which depicts the mean of [chi square]/df and RMSEA for the Andersen' LR test and the S statistic in the

alternative hypothesis condition (with eight DIF items) for different sample sizes and test lengths can be obtained from the authors.

According to Neyman-Pearson principle, if the size of type I error a is fixed, type II error [beta] is naturally associated with the

alternative hypothesis [H.

0]: E(B) = E(U)]; the

alternative hypothesis is that the central tendency of the scores is different [[H.

Classical power can be calculated with a binomial calculator as the probability of reaching the cutoff for significance when P in the binomial model is the hit rate (effect size) assumed for the

alternative hypothesis in the power evaluation.

Under the

alternative hypothesis (and using the definition of weak dominance proposed above), at least one firm has an edge in winning a contract, that is, a greater than fifty percent chance of winning.

If the causal association is focused on intrinsic personality features of the affected vaccinees, this confrontation tends to arise because the community does not have a satisfactory

alternative hypothesis, or one better than the current association with the vaccine; this mistrust reinforces misperceptions.

07] is refused and the

alternative hypothesis is accepted.

From the null hypothesis, a contrasting

alternative hypothesis is constructed which equates to "difference.

Consequently, an

alternative hypothesis is that an age-related decline in testosterone contributes to the atherosclerotic process.

05, we reject the null hypothesis and accept the

alternative hypothesis or if the calculated value is greater than the tabulated value we reject the null hypothesis and accept the

alternative hypothesis and vice versa.