Nigel's father went into semiretirement in 1982 and in 1986 he rang him to say there was a business opportunity to buy eight news agency shops
and his father was prepared to act as his mentor which was very important, because from day one he got credit from suppliers because of his dad's reputation.
One is agency shop
laws that require all workers in a bargaining unit to pay for union representation, including nonmembers who must pay "agency fees.
The union leadership made it clear to me months before the strike began-indeed, before the negotiations began-that an agency shop
was going to be the sine qua non for a settlement," he said.
It is important to point out here, however, that out of deference to "states' rights" advocates, the federal statute authorizing agency shops
and union security agreements was not intended to supersede or preempt state laws in this regard.
In this paper we examine the relationship between union membership and job satisfaction with survey data collected in three agency shops
or open shop work environments.
In order to prevent free riders, many unions have collective bargaining agreements stipulating the existence of union and agency shops
Thomson claimed a 21 per cent share of the package holiday market in 1997, and operates the Britannia charter airline and the Lunn Poly chain of 800 high street travel agency shops
The company, which has 50 travel agency shops
in the region, has outgrown its current base in Bristol.
DeMille launched an effort to establish the so-called "right to work," which would ban the closed shop (an arrangement restricting employment to union members), the union shop (requiring nonunion employees hired to join the union within a certain time period), and the agency shop
(in which employees must pay union dues).