In this study, coursework either affirmed students' previously held against-the-grain perspectives by providing information and experiences making these ideas more realistic or provided completely new ways of viewing the education of children.
Throughout the study, the students made numerous references to their education courses when discussing their against-the-grain perspectives.
Although education coursework seemed to facilitate the students' against-the-grain perspectives, it seemed to hinder the emergence of these perspectives, especially for two individuals who questioned the validity of these classes.
Although the majority of students expressed appreciation for their coursework, the inconsistency between the instructors' ideas and actions undermined the impact of these classes on Betty's development of her against-the-grain perspectives.
In many ways, the grouping exerted a positive force upon their collective commitment to against-the-grain perspectives.
This collective learning experience solidified the against-the-grain perspectives they explored in education coursework.
Cochran-Smith (1991) notes that establishing a practicum to support against-the-grain teaching is not easy: Teaching against the grain is challenging and sometimes discouraging work, and it is often difficult for experienced teachers to keep on and keep heart, and [it is] even more difficult for [preservice] teachers--often young and always inexperienced in the politics of schooling--to join the struggle (pp.
The field experience had contradictory influences upon the students' against-the-grain perspectives.
Constraining for some students, the field experience for others facilitated the development of their against-the-grain perspectives.
Field experiences are often portrayed as impediments to the development of preservice teachers' against-the-grain perspectives.
This study explored the against-the-grain ideas emerging from the MTEP and incorporated into these preservice teachers' thinking and practices.
Much of the discourse on against-the-grain education is in response to the authoritarian structure of conventional education.