Advance Directive

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Related to Advanced Directive: Durable power of attorney

Advance Directive

A legal document expressing a person's medical wishes in the event of his/her mental or physical incapacity. An advance directive is made while the director is still competent, and comes into effect at incapacity. An advance directive may state whether or not the director wishes to be placed on life support or to receive a particular treatment. It may or may not assign another party, usually a family member, to make these decisions as they come up. It is important to note that in this situation, an advance directive is not a power of attorney and neither allows the other party access to the assignor's finances, nor obliges him/her to pay for any treatment. See also: Proxy directive.
References in periodicals archive ?
So the steps we have taken, as organisation, to make sure that if patients tell us that they have an advanced directive, we store that information at the front of the notes, so that it is immediately obvious and we also electronic alert, on a patient's record, so that there is another way of alerting staff to the fact that there is an advanced directive.
A doctor, nurse, or social worker can help patients start the process of an advanced directive, and the forms are available to download online.
But the fact is, many nurses do not have advanced directives for themselves and their family members.
First, advanced directives were not celebrated by participants for their ability to secure aggressive life support treatment for patients who wanted to live despite their critical illness, but were criticized for their inability to "prevent unwanted aggressive treatments that prolong dying".
The overall themes are perspectives of international and European law on dignity and self-determination at the end of life; advanced directives, end-of-life decision-making; and euthanasia in comparative legal perspective; and the ongoing debate on advance directions regulation in Italy.
In 2002, Connell administered a brief survey about advanced directives to employees at a rural hospital in Western North Carolina.
Cauchi advises that in writing a combined power of attorney for continuing care and advanced directives, one should resort to written wishes to receive food and water by whatever means until they can no longer be assimilated.
Fallout from the death of Jesica Santillan due to a blood type mix-up continues to plague Duke University Hospital (DUH) after a government inspection found "significant deficiencies" in its dialysis unit and the operation of its advanced directives program.
A third reason that advanced directives requesting no resuscitation are ignored is vacillation by the family at the last moment.
So the past decade has seen a tremendous push for living wills and other advanced directives, while more and more families in hospital waiting rooms find themselves asked if they want "everything done" for their beloved.
Such policies include do not resuscitate, termination of life support, defining brain death, complying with advanced directives, determining the appropriate surrogate decision maker, triaging, determining capacity to refuse consent to treatment, and other issues.

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