His first, the encyclical Ad Beatissimi
, condemned the war, which he called "the suicide of civilized Europe," but neither of the two alliances fighting it (20).
In Ad beatissimi
apostolorum, Benedict made a passionate plea for peace: "On every side the dread phantom of war holds sway," he wrote in one of best written descriptions of the Great War.
In November 1914, Benedict published the first of his 12 encyclicals, Ad Beatissimi
Within weeks Benedict effectively closed down the campaign in his first encyclical, Ad beatissimi
. This appealed for peace among Catholics and forbade the use of "distinctive names by which Catholics are marked off from Catholics" (69).
Within two months of his election, he issued his first encyclical, Ad Beatissimi
Apostolorum, in which he called a halt to the internecine warfare between so-called Integralist Catholics and progressive Catholics that had developed and intensified during the previous pontificate.
In his first encyclical -- Ad Beatissimi
-- he laid down a set of guidelines that were very different from those Pius had used to judge orthodoxy.
Although best known for his well-intentioned but largely unsuccessful efforts to serve as a mediator for peace during and immediately following the First World War, Benedict's most lasting contribution as pope may have been his first encyclical, Ad Beatissimi
Apostolorum, released on Nov.