The PC operations subcategory included active windows related to Windows Explorer, Control Panel, and Command Prompt; and captured activities associated with locating and/or downloading files, performing file management, and tuning the computer for better performance.
We measure the frequency of multitasking by determining the total number of new active windows generated during a lecture.
Students generated 65.8 active windows per lecture on average, and also averaged more distractive windows (40.7) per lecture than productive windows (25.1) per lecture.
At least one student generated 122.7 productive active windows per lecture while at least one other student generated only 7.5 windows per lecture.
We found very limited support for hypothesis (2): students spending a long time viewing active windows will exhibit lower academic performance than students with a short duration times.
The average student engages in frequent multitasking during class, generating more than 65 new active windows per lecture with 62% of those windows being classified as distractive.