quiet title action

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Quiet Title Action

A court hearing to determine the true owner of a piece of real estate. Quiet title action occurs when two or more persons or companies claim a parcel of land. In general, one may not take title in a quiet title action unless one proves the superiority of one's own claim; weakness in another claim is not relevant. Quiet title action is also called action to remove a cloud.
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quiet title action

A court action to determine the true owner of real property when there is a dispute among parties or when there might be an adverse claim by parties who cannot be found.

It is common in the case when a prior owner might have been the cause of a technical title defect, but the prior owner has died and no one can find the prior owner's heirs.In such a case,the purported owner will file a quiet title action and publish notices requiring anyone with claims to come forward or be forever barred.
The Complete Real Estate Encyclopedia by Denise L. Evans, JD & O. William Evans, JD. Copyright © 2007 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.