a priori

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a priori

adj. known to be true, independently of the subject under debate. Economists frequently develop their theoretical models by reasoning, deductively, from certain prior assumptions to general predictions.

For example, operating on the assumption that consumers behave rationally in seeking to maximize their utility from a limited income, economists’ reasoning leads them to the prediction that consumers will tend to buy more of those products whose relative price has fallen. See ECONOMIC MAN, CONSUMER EQUILIBRIUM

References in periodicals archive ?
The a-priori probability for the second decoder, [mathematical expression not reproducible] (i) is computed as follows:
A-priori Sample Size Calculator for Multiple Regressions [Software].
As output distribution is not known a-priori so we have used equally spaced output membership functions (as discussed earlier).
demostramos todo esto a-priori, es decir, haciendo brotar, como de un manantial de agua viva, raudales constantes de la propia e inmutable naturaleza de las cosas, los cuales, reunidos en un solo caudal, forman el universal artificio para organizar las escuelas generales".
De todos los modelos que hemos hallado a lo largo de nuestra investigacion, mostramos a continuacion aquellos que reflejan una informacion mas relevante y significativa sobre el comportamiento de los datos en el proceso de uso de la plataforma virtual de aprendizaje: modelo K-Medias, Graficos de malla y modelo predictivo A-priori.
He surmised that simply hypothesizing formal relations would not be productive, so he chose to focus on a-priori principles instead.
allows us to transform metaphor, normally regarded as an empirical phenomenon, into an a-priori, ontological condition of experience.
Our approach is based on graph clustering and makes no use of a-priori knowledge about the language or the domain to process.
The usage of cross-entropy is based firstly to check the sign consistency between a-priori information and the extrinsic information, and then compute the associated number of sign differences between the extrinsic information, and then compute the associated number of sign differences between the extrinstic information sequence and the a-priori information sequence so as to normalize the output information of soft-in soft-out (SISO) turbo decoder (Lu et al.
CDATA[ Supreme Court: Hamas-run Gaza residents who wish to visit imprisoned terrorist relatives in Israel don't have a-priori humanitarian right to do so.
The a-priori expectation criteria which is based on the signs and magnitudes of the co-efficients of the variables under investigation; and the statistical criteria which is based on statistical theory, which in other words is referred to as the First Order Least Square (OLS) consisting of Rsquare ([R.
We achieve our objective by displaying nonnegative definite Lyapunov functionals, which in turn give the a-priori bound.