Earlier, Lorenzana said it is time to review the treaty amid concerns about hostile encounters between the US and China in the West Philippine Sea (WPS), an area where Beijing and Manila have conflicting territorial claims but not covered by the 1951 accord
The 1951 Accord has generated a misconception about Fed independence and established a misdirected concept of central bank independence in general for decades that emphasized de jure independence.
The conventional view of the 1951 Accord is incorrect.
It gained operational independence after the 1951 Accord, but lost that independence starting with William McChesney Martin in the early 1960s and especially Burns in the 1970s.
The Fed had to assist with federal debt finance following the 1951 Accord
that freed the central bank from its subsidiary role to the U.S.
central bank is scholarly and comprehensive although most of the book is concerned with the years after the 1951 Accord
between the Federal Reserve and the U.S.
The 1951 Accord between the Treasury and the Federal Reserve was one of the most dramatic events in U.S.
 Just as the 1951 Accord greatly improved monetary policy, an Accord for Fed credit policy established today, while fiscal concerns are still relatively small, could yield significant benefits in the future.
 The elimination of the agreement between the Bank of Japan and the underwriting syndicate is evocative of the 1951 accord
between the Federal Reserve and U.S.
Defense Secretary Delfin Lorenzana on Thursday said the Philippines wanted to review the Mutual Defense Treaty with the United States amid concerns about hostile encounters between the country's longtime military ally and China in the West Philippine Sea (WPS), an area where Beijing and Manila have conflicting territorial claims but not covered by the 1951 accord
In effect, the proposal advanced by Broaddus and (Goodfriend is the mirror image of the 1951 Accord. In 1951, the Treasury pledged not to compel the Fed to purchase Treasury securities.
The 1951 Accord freed the Federal Reserve to conduct monetary policy independently to stabilize the macroeconomy.