zero-sum game

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Zero-sum game

A type of game wherein one player can gain only at the expense of another player.

Zero-Sum Game

A situation where the gain of one person equates to the loss of another person. That is, for every dollar one person makes in a zero sum transaction, another person loses a dollar. Not every transaction is a zero sum game; stock trading is not because some trades are mutually beneficial to the buyer and the seller. Options and commodity markets, however, are zero sum games because wealth cannot be created from these transactions, only shifted. See also: Wealth creation.

zero-sum game

A situation in which one person's gain must be matched by another person's loss. Without considering taxes and transaction costs, many types of investing, such as options and futures, are examples of zero-sum games.

zero-sum game

a situation in GAME

THEORY where game players compete for the given total pay-off, so that gains by one player are at the direct expense of the other player(s). For example, here two firms compete against each other in a mature market where total sales are not expanding, then each firm can increase its sales and market share only at the expense of its competitor.

References in periodicals archive ?
It's a zero-sum game, somebody wins, somebody loses.
It should be true in any case that presents true zero-sum circumstances, even if the balance is between religious and secular burdens.
Will it make the step from a zero-sum religious mentality to one of non-zero-sum?
The third and most infuriating aspect of zero-sum economics is that its practitioners suddenly forget to apply the same standard to one of the few entities that can accurately be described with a pie metaphor: government budgets--especially on the state and local level, where printing money is not an option and sometimes you aren't even allowed to run a deficit.
This failure of liberation theology (and feminism) to move beyond zero-sum thinking is harming the fight against poverty, because while these thinkers' blame-game tends to alienate the wealthy and supposedly powerful from sharing their concerns, liberation theology's analysis of structural sin is often bang-on:
23:37] (8) It is his resistance to zero-sum game that leads him to the cross where God not only weeps with him, but also calls him to new life through the multiplying power of love.
Automotive product development is a zero-sum game to some degree-allocating more funds in one area means less for another, so some good ideas do not make the cut.
The Farm Bill is a zero-sum game; money from one section must come from another.
These agreements eliminate the concept of the zero-sum game; they're a win-win that creates more opportunity for value for both customer and vendor.
The archbishop makes a complex series of issues into a facile zero-sum game in which support for the Palestinian people must be matched with harsh, unjust and unfair condemnation of Israel.
Because von Neumann was able to show that two-person zero-sum games are always solvable, they became an important vehicle for modeling strategic interactions for many years.
British officials recognise Moscow and NATO countries would still have differences - such as on missile defence - but they add: "We have to stop seeing any of these issues as zero-sum games".