working time


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working time

the amount of time spent working for an employer. In the European Union this is regulated by the Working Time Directive and the Young Worker's Directive. In general this legislation restricts weekly hours of work to 48 but this may be averaged out over a period of time. Workers can also choose to work longer hours, and some groups of workers are excluded in both the Directive and national legislation implementing the Directive. The legislation also provides rights to rest periods and to a minimum of four weeks paid holiday each year.
References in periodicals archive ?
The decision of the ECJ was that time spent travelling to a first destination from home and from a last destination to home should be counted as working time.
Many UK companies do not consider travel time outside normal working hours as working time, but now thousands of companies may need to make changes.
Neither the Working Time Directive nor the Working Time Regulations passed in England and Wales in 1998 to implement the directive said anything about travel to and from work or between places of work.
Employers should be cautious and carefully evaluate whether employer-mandated activities constitute compensable working time.
A spokesman for Department of Health said: "We understand there are concerns over the EU Working Time Directive.
There is still a substantial gap in working time between the former EU15 Member States and the majority of the new EU Member States, according to the report.
For more information about the study, Working Time around the World, visit ilo.
On the other side, using the Mintzberg researches, the usage of the daily working time for a top manager has the structure like in Table 1 (Tuturea, 1999).
THE EUROPEAN Commission is considering a crackdown on hauliers who claim to be 'self-employed' and so are exempt from the European Union (EU) working time directive, but who are de facto employed by a transport company.
For jobs that require extra working time, the company launched West System Brand 209 Extra Slow Hardener.
At a 10:1 ratio, Plexus MA 1020 has a working time of 4-6 min and achieves 75% of ultimate strength in 15-20 min.
It increases the complexity and cost of the payroll administration unnecessarily, and is further gold-plating of the preferable Working Time Regulation approach to holiday pay.