To demonstrate this, we first used the waviness
index in the contracted state for each squid and calculated (see Fig.
It can be easily noticed that the profiles are dependent on the section plane position through the examined surface and include the three statistical characteristics: texture, waviness
and roughness (Fig.
s] and the severity of the corrugation waviness
Roughness and waviness
of the cants were measured using a MTI Microtrack system 7000 provided with two MT-250 sensor laser heads.
It could simply be that most effects of bell parameters on surface waviness
are masked by the nonelectrostatically applied paint layer.
Traditional surface finish analysis consists mainly of studying the surface texture, consisting of roughness and waviness
Some of the challenges include inconsistent material thickness, board waviness
and high sheet counts per book, which make it very difficult to load with a conventional push feed system.
By employing a non-contact confocal technique, users can visualize and measure 2-D and 3-D topographies, determine roughness and waviness
, and measure porosity and volume content with a high degree of quality and reliability.
Also, for all flow rates and all amplitude of wall waviness
, the heat transfer coefficient is higher near the channel entrance.
The windows are original and evince the waviness
that is a sign of aged glass.
Despite intensive heating, meniscus of the melt at distance 3-5 mm from the mould surface is in solid state, which is the reason of waviness
of the ingot surface and presence of flashes [6-8].
However, in this configuration, the instrument is not able to measure waviness
and stepped features in an exact way.