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In real estate, a change in a property's value caused by a lessee or another person who has possession but no ownership rights. Waste usually results in a reduction in the property value, for which the owner ordinarily is entitled compensation. Waste may be positive or negative; positive waste results from the possessor's act, while negative waste results from his/her omission. An example of the former is destroying the floor with a sledge hammer, while an example of the latter is neglecting a termite infestation for so long that the floor collapses.


An abusive or destructive use of property by someone who is entitled to possession but who does not have complete ownership rights, such as a tenant, mortgage borrower, or a joint owner.Waste is more than normal wear and tear and implies neglect or misconduct. Contrast with trespass, which is damage by one who is not entitled to possession.There are three types of waste:

1. Voluntary waste (also called affirmative waste) is an intentional change to property resulting in damage to the property.

2. Permissive waste (also called negligent waste) is a failure to maintain property, so that it deteriorates in value.

3. Ameliorative waste occurs when the changes increase the value of the property. In some jurisdictions, a court will still award damages because the owner is entitled to have its property remain in the same condition, without being subjected to others' opinions regarding whether it was improved or not. Other jurisdictions refuse to allow damages, finding that the owner has been benefited by the actions.

References in periodicals archive ?
Subramanian Swamy: It is a toothless insipid and one sided resolution fit for the wastepaper basket.
Put briefly, L'Affaire, as it came to be known, began in 1893 when a French spy working as a cleaner in the offices of the German embassy in Paris discovered, in the wastepaper basket of the German military attache, an anonymous bordereau (an official French Army memorandum) containing French artillery secrets.
There, we lived in one room, our son in his crib in one corner, my studio the rickety table in the other, a cardboard box making do for a wastepaper basket filled with poem after poem only I would ever see, written on the back of scrapped assignments for classes at London University.
It is surprising so talented a writer as Fannie Hurst didn't shove it right into the wastepaper basket where it belongs.
I suspect that I am the only teacher at my school who regularly checks the wastepaper basket and recycling bins in our workroom for reusable materials.
I then ordered a new wastepaper basket (or as the generals refer to it, a circular file system) for $2,098,987.
They're not just looking for a white set of sheets or a black wastepaper basket.
The wastepaper basket could be a black-and-gold metal cachepot on bun feet.
When the murder is discovered, Johan initially runs away, paranoid and nervous that he is being watched even when he is alone in his room: "Not a man, but a wastepaper basket .
For example, typing 65 words per minute may be an essential function for a secretary while emptying the wastepaper basket would be a marginal function.
When Henman closes in he looks more like an accountant pretending to be a pirate, a letter-opener in his hand and a wastepaper basket on his head.
Drunkard Robert Long, 37, was seen setting light to a wastepaper basket by one of the survivors.