Vertical

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In contrast to the vertical relation, the update relation stays in one resolution.
The subsidy may also occur through vertical relations within networks.
He argues the United States must prepare to resolve such problems through cooperative partnerships that will rely less on bilateral and vertical relations and more on a variety of Asian nations accepting a greater share of the responsibility; simultaneously, the United States must retain a combination of "regional muscle," the "political will to readily deploy" forces, and the "necessary weapon systems and Pacific Rim basing facilities" to act effectively as "insurance against aggression" and "reassurance to its allies.
Bipartism is the common view that the nature of an intentional state can be wholly explained in terms of (a) its horizontal relations with other such states (as well as peripheral inputs and outputs); and Co) its vertical relations with the world.