Backbone

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Related to vertebral column: spinal column, Cervical vertebrae, Cervical vertebræ

Backbone

The largest channel of information on a network. The backbone processes and transmits the greatest amount of data. The size of a backbone is not based on an objective standard, but rather depends on the size of the network.
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However, the sample is probably unbiased, in that we have no a priori or empirical reason to expect that the vertebral column is not representative of the organism as a whole, or that its complexity ought to vary independently.
Vehicular accident's high energy impact can lead to excessive flexion, extension, rotation, compression or bending of vertebral column.
Palpation of the vertebral column is routinely used in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders arising from the spine (Greenman 2003, Maitland et al 2001, Najm et al 2003).
Pain arising from the vertebral column is also carried by sympathetic nerves (Groen et al.
Current EU rules require the vertebral column to be removed from all cattle above the age of 12 months.
The pelvic girdle was firmly attached to the vertebral column, and the pectoral girdle had smaller extrascapular dermal bone components (with the exception of the clavicle, which was larger).
A portion of the vertebral column containing 15-20 vertebrae, including the neural and haemal arches, was removed just posterior to the head and immediately frozen.
Abdominals: The four abdominal muscles (rectus abdominus, external oblique, internal oblique, and transeverse abdominus) serve to flex the thorax as well as rotate and laterally flex the vertebral column.
See Figure 3: Side view [cut down the middle] of the CNS and vertebral column The enlarged area shows the three meningeal layers of the spinal cord.
The vertebral column and ribs also survived the millennia, as did incomplete pieces of the pelvis and other lower-body bones.
The REVERE([R]) Corrective Osteotomy Set is a comprehensive instrument set designed to enhance the efficiency of Smith-Petersen Osteotomies, Ponte Osteotomies, Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomies and Vertebral Column Resections by providing dedicated instruments that accommodate various surgical preferences and anatomical variations.
Vertebral column resection (VCR), the most powerful tool for spinal deformity correction,[sup][15] is defined as the resection of more vertebral segments, including the spinous process and lamina, pedicles, vertebral body, and the discs above and below the vertebral body [Figure 1]c.