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The change in the value of a portfolio over an evaluation period, including any distributions made from the portfolio during that period.

Rate of Return

In securities, the amount of revenue an investment generates over a given period of time as a percentage of the amount of capital invested. The rate of return shows the amount of time it will take to recover one's investment. For example, if one invests $1,000 and receives $150 in the first year of the investment, the rate of return is 15%, and the investor will recover his/her initial $1,000 in six years and eight months. Different investors have different required rates of return at different levels of risk.


See yield.


Your return is the profit or loss you have on your investments, including income and change in value.

Return can be expressed as a percentage and is calculated by adding the income and the change in value and then dividing by the initial principal or investment amount. You can find the annualized return by dividing the percentage return by the number of years you have held the investment.

For example, if you bought a stock that paid no dividends at $25 a share and sold it for $30 a share, your return would be $5. If you bought on January 3, and sold it the following January 4, that would be a 20% annual percentage return, or the $5 return divided by your $25 investment.

But if you held the stock for five years before selling for $30 a share, your annualized return would be 4%, because the 20% gain is divided by five years rather than one year.

Percentage return and annual percentage return allow you to compare the return provided by different investments or investments you have held for different periods of time.

References in periodicals archive ?
It stands to reason that the central blood vessels would be better filled during spontaneous ventilation, motivated by the lower intrathoracic pressure, more favorable conditions for venous return, and higher vascular distending pressures.
To date, all experimental attempts to establish complete right heart bypass in animals had failed, allegedly because (i) the circulatory force was not sufficient to drive the systemic venous return through the lungs without the right ventricular power source, (ii) staged "gradual" vascular remodeling was required to compensate the acute cardio-pulmonary hemodynamic changes from bi-ventricular circulations.
Assessment of the following is mandatory: position of atria and cardiac apex, location of aorta, bi-or trilobed lungs, sub-diaphragmatic venous return, position of stomach and/or malrotation, liver/gallbladder position, and the spleen (present/absent, splenuncules).
During diastole, the cuffs inflate from the calves proximally, creating a milking action, which raises diastolic aortic pressure while boosting venous return.
By establishing the shunt between the carotid artery and femoral vein, blood from the opposite side of the brain via the Circle of Willis and collateral vessels is redirected to the lower pressure venous return.
Exploratory laparotomy, which used to be performed for the diagnosis, yielded few characteristic findings in most cases and there can be as high as a 10% risk of post-operative thrombophlebitis owing to impaired pelvic venous return.
Surgical and circuit-related causes of low venous return were excluded and a presumptive diagnosis of Gelofusine anaphylaxis was made (Figure 1).
Partially anomalous pulmonary venous return (PAPVD) is in contrast usually a minor congenital abnormality, often first detected in adulthood.
The other congenital cardiac anomalies like atrial septal defect, patent foramen ovale and pulmonary venous return anomalies may also accompany the cor triatriatum.
By actively expanding the chest, you do two good things: You increase venous return to the heart and increase ventilation," he said.