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In the context of asset management, mutual funds, and hedge funds, the a style of investment that focuses on securities with low price to earnings ratios or low price to book ratios. Some of these securities are deemed cheap and are viewed by manager as having a lot of profit potential.
An investment strategy in which one seeks securities thought to be undervalued. One may do this in a variety of ways, but two of the most popular are finding companies with low P/E ratios or low price-to-book ratios. In both cases, the stock price for a company is lower than its earnings per share or its asset value per share. These companies are thought to have high profit potential. Analysts disagree on the tools for value investing, but most use some form of fundamental analysis and look for companies with an underlying value of more than its price. See also: Buy and hold.
The selection of securities to be bought and sold on the basis of the value of a firm's assets. For example, an investor may look for a stock in which current assets exceed total liabilities on a per share basis by more than the market price of the stock. Value investing emphasizes asset value more than earnings projections. See also asset value.