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The state in which all relevant information is fully and freely available to the public. Nearly every analyst agrees that transparent markets are desirable because they lead to greater efficiency. Laws and regulations exist in most jurisdictions encouraging or mandating transparency. For example, the SEC requires disclosure forms declaring a great many different actions when or immediately after they occur. Likewise, the Sarbanes-Oxley Act is designed to increase transparency in accounting. A minority view holds that these laws and regulations intended to create transparent markets in fact reduce efficiency. Others contend that markets are efficient with or without transparency. See also: Efficient market hypothesis.


The full, accurate, and timely disclosure of information.
Case Study Ford Motor Company executives indicated in spring 2001 that the company planned to provide shareholders and analysts with greater transparency of the firm's financial results. As part of the improved transparency, Ford was expected to report separate results from its Premier Automotive Group (PAG), comprising Aston Martin, Jaguar, Lincoln, Land Rover, and Volvo Cars. In the prior year Ford reported an operating loss of $35 million in Europe only because income from PAG and customer services mostly offset operating losses of nearly $1 billion in its other European operations. At the time Ford did not report profits for individual brands or product groups. Transparency permits shareholders and analysts a greater understanding of a firm's operations, including which parts of the firm are most and least profitable. This, in turn, places greater pressure on the firm's management to produce acceptable results in all facets of a company's operations.


Transparency is a measure of how much information you have about the markets where you invest, the corporations whose stocks or bonds you buy, or the mutual funds or other investments you select.

For example, in order to achieve maximum transparency in US markets, the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires corporations to disclose all information that might have an impact on their financial status so that investors can make fully informed decisions.

Real-time trading information, increasingly available to individuals as well as institutional investors, and linked pricing systems are other steps toward complete transparency.

References in periodicals archive ?
Data is easily and transparently shared or replicated between edge or cluster configurations with no business disruption.
SecureSphere uniquely saves time and IT resources by operating transparently with no changes to existing infrastructure and dynamically, requiring no manual tuning.
Improved rootkit protection and detection that proactively and transparently defeats active rootkits, which are typically hidden from the user.
An Obsidian Longbow XR in California transparently encapsulates the InfiniBand traffic onto a 10GE path through National LambdaRail (NLR), which is safeguarded by IPSec cards installed into two Cisco Catalyst 6500 switches.
With iGrid, Tandy Brands has created a single data repository for its ERP reporting solution that is shared, and concurrently and transparently accessed, by five separate servers, each running a different reporting process.
The system scales to multiple petabytes under a single global namespace, no client-side software is required, and data can be easily and transparently moved between or among controllers and storage tiers to applications.
The result of a joint effort between Tarari and Microsoft, the Tarari Encoder Accelerator is an industry-standard PCI-X bus card for Microsoft Windows XP- or Windows Server 2003-based servers that transparently offloads and accelerates the most processor-intensive algorithms -- such as motion estimation -- of Windows Media encoding applications.
The updates are delivered transparently with no intervention and at zero cost to the consumer.
Acopia Networks(R), the innovator of Adaptive Resource Networking, today announced the availability of a report that validates the unique capabilities of its ARX(R) products to transparently migrate data between heterogeneous multi-protocol file servers without client disruption.

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