Trade Surplus

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Trade Surplus

A nation's excess of exports over imports during a given time frame.

Trade Surplus

The difference between the value of a country's exports and the value of its imports, where the value of exports is greater. Analysts disagree on the impact, if any, of a trade surplus on the economy. Some economists believe that a trade surplus creates employment and increases GDP growth. Others believe that the balance of trade has little impact. A trade surplus is also called a favorable balance of trade. See also: Trade deficit.

trade surplus

The amount of goods and services that a country exports that is in excess of the amount of goods and services it imports. A trade surplus increases economic activity in a country but also may result in higher prices and interest rates if the economy is already operating at near capacity. Compare trade deficit.
References in periodicals archive ?
The trade surpluses recorded in the recent months suggest that the region is suffering from a weak domestic demand.
According to Central Statistical Office (CSO), the African country continued to record continued trade surpluses in the entire last year with the highest reaching KR473.
While running trade deficits with Asian neighbors like Taiwan to tie them politically to Beijing, China is running record trade surpluses with the European Union and the United States, making America and the West as dependent upon China for our manufactures as we are on OPEC for our oil.
Inflation is under control, the debt-to-GDP ratio is falling, vulnerability to external shocks is reduced by high trade surpluses and foreign currency reserves are growing," he says.
And the run of three consecutive trade surpluses from 2003-05 is the longest since 1980-83.
The large rise in the price of copper, soybeans, and iron ore is producing large trade surpluses for Brazil, Chile, Argentina, and Peru.
These China-world trade surpluses are becoming more pronounced and show consistent under-reporting by China no matter which one of several calculation methodologies is used.
Significant improvements were made in bulk petrochemicals and intermediates, plastic resin and other industrial chemical trade surpluses.
September was the 23rd consecutive month of trade surpluses recorded since November 1997.
As in preceding quarters, Japan reported declining trade surpluses and sharp contractions of its trade surplus with the United States.
Japan has had large trade surpluses for the last several decades, because the household savings have been larger than the domestic investment.
The yen appreciated against all currencies as expanding Japanese trade surpluses have become a concern for the U.