TEFRA

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TEFRA

Tax Equity And Fiscal Responsibility Act of 1982

Legislation in the United States, passed in 1982, that rolled back some of the tax cuts the federal government enacted the previous year. It repealed accelerated depreciation deductions and created a 10% withholding tax on all dividends sent to accounts without tax identification numbers. It also increased the unemployment tax. While TEFRA raised taxes, they remained well below what they were prior to Ronald Reagan's accession to the presidency. See also: Reaganomics.
References in periodicals archive ?
1998) have determined a mean radiocarbon age for the deposition of the Kaharoa Tephra of 665 [+ or -] 15 radiocarbon years BP, but this corresponds to a wide range of calendar dates because of marked fluctuations of the calibration curves in the 14th century.
The annual layers in the cores-which can be reliably dated by using tephra deposits from known historic volcanic eruptions on Iceland going back more than 1,000 years suddenly became thicker in the late 13th century and again in the 15th century due to increased erosion caused by the expansion of the ice cap as the climate cooled, he said.
According to 'time of darkness' lore, tephra falls from the sky, restoring in the long run the fertility of the earth.
If Eyjafjallajokull had a VEI ranking of 4, an eruption ten times as powerful would have a VEI figure of 5 -- according to MSB, such an explosion would release between 1 and 10-billion cubic meters of tephra and have a plume soaring 25 kilometers into the sky.
Volcanic peaks and fresh tephra deposits are emplaced on this terrace, and likely postdate the last glacial maximum.
In the West New Britain soils, sampling was carried out according to visible horizons, which in many cases corresponded to discrete tephra layers.
A Geological Survey of India team that visited last year reported periodic explosions throwing out a substance known as basaltic tephra.
In the Afar triangle in Ethiopia, a sequence of Pliocene sediments rich in vertebrate remains, including hominid fossils, contains several beds of tephra (volcanic ash).
Topics include using volcanic processes as sources of statistical data, creating models for assessment, determining the probability of explosive eruption, using extreme value methods for historical modeling and spatial distribution, applying the Gutenberg-Richter Law, calculating stationary and non-stationary time series and finding new approaches, employing wavelet-based hidden Markov models, reading a coupled conduit and eruption column model, evaluating transient models of conduit flows, using multiple parameters in studies of processes, inverting tephra fallout and using probabilistic models for tephra dispersion.