factor

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Factor

A financial institution that buys a firm's accounts receivable and collects the accounts.

Factor

A third party that buys a firm's accounts receivable. If a firm is not confident in its ability to collect on its credit sales, it may sell the right to receive payment to the factor at a discount. The factor then assumes the credit risk associated with the accounts receivable. This provides the firm immediate access to working capital, which is important, especially if the firm has a cash flow problem. The price of factoring is determined by the creditworthiness of the firm's customer, not of the firm itself. It is also known as accounts receivable financing.

factor

A firm that purchases accounts receivable from another firm at a discount. The purchasing firm then attempts to collect the receivables.

factor

To sell accounts receivable to another party at a discount from face value. Thus, a firm in need of cash to pay down short-term debt may decide to factor its accounts receivable to another firm.

factor

  1. a firm that purchases TRADE DEBTS from client firms. See FACTORING.
  2. a firm that buys in bulk and performs a WHOLESALING function.
  3. an input (for example raw material, labour, capital) which is used to produce a good or provide a service.

factor

  1. 1a FACTOR INPUT that is used in production (see NATURAL RESOURCES, LABOUR, CAPITAL).
  2. a business that buys in bulk and performs a WHOLESALING function.
  3. a business that buys trade debts from client firms (at some agreed price below the nominal value of the debts) and then arranges to recover them for itself. See FACTOR MARKET, FACTORING.
References in periodicals archive ?
anthracis is determined not only by the virulence of the organism but also by the balance between infectious aerosol production and removal, pulmonary ventilation rate, duration of exposure, and host susceptibility factors.
A team of researchers from Dartmouth Medical School may have uncovered a potential previously unrecognized susceptibility factor, demonstrating that exposure to arsenic significantly weakened mice's immune response to a mouse-adapted subtype of H1N1 flu [EHP 117:1441-1447; Kozul et al.
Identifying genetic susceptibility factor for tuberculosis in African: a combined approach using candidate gene study and a genome-wide screen.
The new study has identified a previously unrecognized susceptibility factor for bipolar disorder.
We propose a multidisciplinary programme of work to examine how host genetic susceptibility factors and responses such as DNA damage repair and inflammation affect melanoma development and progression following UVR exposure.
Sphingotec GmbH explores biomarkers that are susceptibility factors for the development of severe diseases and provides starting points for prevention strategies.
Research on the effects of exposure to pollutants and their interaction with susceptibility factors may lead to the identification of the biologic pathways that are activated in autism and to improved prevention and therapeutic strategies.