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A generic term for many government assistance programs. In general, it refers to programs in which the government pays money to indigent and unemployed persons. However, it may include non-cash payments such as food stamps. It may or may not include a requirement that able-bodied persons on welfare attempt to find work. Welfare is very controversial. Proponents argue that it helps the persons least able to help themselves, while critics contend it encourages people not to work. See also: TANF, Dole.


that aspect of management concerned with the wellbeing, both physical and emotional, of employees. It is an umbrella term for a range of services and activities. HEALTH AND SAFETY (the regulation of working conditions) is probably the most important but is often managed separately from other welfare functions. Other welfare activities include the provision of canteens and social clubs, sports facilities, medical officers etc. Some organizations also provide counselling services to help individuals cope with, for instance, work-related stress.

The reasoning behind employer concern with welfare suggests that a contented workforce is likely to be more productive. Some employers also feel that it is a social obligation to their employees. Welfare activities usually come under the remit of the PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT function. In fact, in the UK the origins of personnel management lie in the concern to improve employee welfare felt by certain employers in the early years of the 20th century. See FRINGE BENEFIT, HUMAN RELATIONS. See also SOCIAL SECURITY.

References in periodicals archive ?
An approval for cancellation of their licenses will be sought from provincial secretary social welfare after the scrutiny process.
Provincial Social Welfare Minister said that instructions have been issued to district and town administrations to take strict action against beggars as they are creating hurdles in smooth flow of traffic.
She said: "There are structural reforms of the social welfare system which are really important.
Walia and social welfare minister Mangat Ram Singhal, had inspected the home last month following the deaths and suggested measures to provide better care for residents.
Staff from social welfare offices are now working with Gardai and the PSNI in a bid to save millions of euro in bogus claims.
The Senate panel examined an official audit report about the project launched by the social welfare ministry in 2002 to provide daily meals to 530,000 rural girl students of primary schools for 54 months.
Recognizing the fluidity of social welfare, the book, by Joel Blau, professor of social policy at the School of Social Welfare, Stony Brook University, and Mimi Abramovitz, professor at the School of Social Work, Hunter College, and the Graduate Center, City University of New York, helps undergraduate and graduate students identify the triggers that lead to changes in social policy and influence what social workers do.
Since its discontinuation, MoCA's departmental journals have become some of the very few arenas for the discussion of social work and social welfare in China.
Two recent books that speak more to the why of current changes in the social welfare policy arena are David Harvey's A Brief History of Neoliberalism and Lawrence R.
In fact, the Musee social's reputation for expertise in social welfare and vigorous debate on all facets of the social question was enshrined in its unofficial title, "the antechamber of the Chamber.
He also claimed that Social Welfare staff were doing their utmost to keep jobless figures down by fobbing people off to other departments.
The burden of taxes and social welfare costs for Japanese taxpayers will increase for the third straight year in fiscal 2001 due to a rise in social security costs, a Finance Ministry estimate showed Wednesday.

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