need to start incorporating our social instincts
into our idealization of rational agency.
It originated in the social instincts
shared by most animals and was in its early stages largely guided by social approval and disapproval, as I have already noted, but over and above all that, it came to be also "ruled by reason, self-interest, and in later times by deep religious feelings, and confirmed by instruction and habit" to become what we experience today as our moral conscience.
Zak quotes one of Smith's contemporaneous admirers, Thomas Jefferson, on the role of the social instincts
in awakening the moral imagination: ".
The aid which we feel impelled to give to the helpless is mainly an incidental result of the instinct of sympathy, which was originally acquired as part of the social instincts
, but widely diffused.
The double-edged nature of social instincts
means that collaboration requires much more than just pairing up two people and pointing them up the mountain.
Later on your social instincts
can be stoked up or others can be keen to draw you out into the social milieu.
First, social animals exhibit social instincts
of mutual benefit.
In technical terms, our social instincts
continued for the most part to co-evolve with our physical evolution.
The most widely accepted belief: "Humans have built-in social instincts
to do things as a group," says Robert Provine, a psychologist at the University of Maryland.
But to argue in this way is not to compare like with like: to say that is not only to state a simple biological fact but to go with the grain of the deepest social instincts
of the overwhelming majority of humankind.