sick pay

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Related to sick leave: Maternity leave

sick pay

the payments made to an employee who is unable to work normally due to illness. In principle these payments could be made in place of a wage, from a national insurance fund, or by the employers themselves. The current system of ‘statutory sick pay' in the UK (in operation since 1986) combines elements of both. The employer makes payments to the sick employee at a level determined by social security regulations, which are financed out of the National Insurance contributions held by the employer. No payments can be made until the fourth day of absence (unless there has been a previous period of absence due to illness shortly before). After seven days of absence a doctor's certificate is necessary; prior to that the employee provides self-certification. After a prolonged period of sickness absence (currently 28 weeks) responsibility for payment transfers to the DEPARTMENT OF WORK AND PENSIONS.

Many UK employers choose to operate their own sick-pay scheme alongside statutory sick pay, and provide more favourable benefits than the state scheme. Although, traditionally, occupational sick-pay schemes have been applied to managerial and white-collar rather than to blue-collar workers, most UK employees are now covered, by such a scheme. Often they will provide for the employee to receive full pay for up to 28 weeks. Provision of favourable sick pay is often thought to encourage ABSENTEEISM but the evidence suggests that this a short-run phenomenon largely confined to the period immediately after the scheme is introduced.

References in periodicals archive ?
The abuse by civil servants of their sick leave is not uncommon, leading to many state services facing staff shortages during the absence of their colleagues.
The Principal Permanent Secretary added that despite the results of the survey, need more research on the reasons for taking sick leave in the public sector.
More employees with a contagious disease will call in sick and stay at home when they gain access to sick leave insurance," that report concluded.
New employees will be entitled to accrue sick leave beginning on the 90th calendar day after beginning employment.
In 2014 sick leaves were issued in 222,900 cases, while in 2016 this number rose to 276,400.
7% of police officers, or one in every 142, on long-term sick leave.
The percentage of private employers that offer paid sick leave climbed to 58%, from 53%.
In particular, workers without paid sick leave were 1.
The authors examined Germany, a country with one of the most generous sick leave systems in the world.
Jeffrey Bils, an attorney with BakerHostetler, told InsideCounsel that cities "may enact their own wage and sick leave requirements, and many have done so.
The minimum basis for payment during periods of sick leave is calculated as follows:
Paid sick leave is an effective tool to reduce the share of people who go to work when they are ill.