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Referring to any investment, financial plan, or anything else lasting for one year or less. Short term investments and financial plans usually involve less uncertainty than long-term investments and financial plans because, generally speaking, market trends are more easily predictable for one year than for any longer period. Likewise, short-term financial plans are more easily amendable as a result of the short time frame. Short-term financial plans usually involve investing in short-term securities, such as T bills or commercial paper See also: Long Term.
1. Of or relating to a gain or loss on the value of an asset that has been held less than a specified period of time. For individual tax purposes, an asset held for a year or less is classified as short-term. Compare long-term. See also holding period.
2. Of or relating to a debt security in which a short period of time remains until the face value is paid to the investor. Exactly what constitutes short-term is subjective, although five years and under may be considered the norm.
3. Of or relating to business assets that are expected to be converted to cash within one year and to business liabilities that are due within one year.