A convention some companies use in their financial statements in which they report information by sector. For example, a single publicly-traded company that engages in agriculture, mining, and manufacturing may report revenue, sales, and profits/losses for each field individually. This allows a company to show its investors what parts of the company are performing better relative to the others. It also prevents one sector that is overperforming or underperforming from unduly influencing a financial statement.
A type of financial reporting in which the firm discloses information by identifiable industry segments. For example, Union Pacific Corporation reports revenues, income, assets, depreciation, and capital expenditures for each of four segments: transportation, oil and gas, mining, and land. Segment reporting is required by the SEC in an attempt to provide stockholders and the public with better financial data. Also called line-of-business reporting. See also industry segment.