sales promotion and merchandising
sales promotion and merchandisingthe measures used by firms to increase the sales of their GOODS and SERVICES. ADVERTISING is the most visible form of sales promotion, but a wide variety of other techniques can be used to create and boost sales: money-off packs, free trial samples, coupons offering gifts, product competitions offering prizes, trading stamps, in-store demonstrations, point-of-sale displays, etc.
In the economist's models of imperfect competition, all these items come under the generic heading of PRODUCT
DIFFERENTIATION. sales representative see PERSONAL SELLING.