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The change in the value of a portfolio over an evaluation period, including any distributions made from the portfolio during that period.

Rate of Return

In securities, the amount of revenue an investment generates over a given period of time as a percentage of the amount of capital invested. The rate of return shows the amount of time it will take to recover one's investment. For example, if one invests $1,000 and receives $150 in the first year of the investment, the rate of return is 15%, and the investor will recover his/her initial $1,000 in six years and eight months. Different investors have different required rates of return at different levels of risk.


See yield.


Your return is the profit or loss you have on your investments, including income and change in value.

Return can be expressed as a percentage and is calculated by adding the income and the change in value and then dividing by the initial principal or investment amount. You can find the annualized return by dividing the percentage return by the number of years you have held the investment.

For example, if you bought a stock that paid no dividends at $25 a share and sold it for $30 a share, your return would be $5. If you bought on January 3, and sold it the following January 4, that would be a 20% annual percentage return, or the $5 return divided by your $25 investment.

But if you held the stock for five years before selling for $30 a share, your annualized return would be 4%, because the 20% gain is divided by five years rather than one year.

Percentage return and annual percentage return allow you to compare the return provided by different investments or investments you have held for different periods of time.

References in periodicals archive ?
It doesn't physically handle returned products, but it uses its partnerships with FedEx, Airborne and virtual liquidators to help e-tailers route products.
The Board increased the fees for returned checks in response to the decline in the cost-recovery rate of the service after the implementation of the returned-check services on September 1988.
the leader in returns management, commissioned Harris Interactive([R]) to conduct a consumer shopping survey that found about one in five adults (22 percent) returned items received as gifts during last year's holiday season.
And, with some products, there are restocking fees of 15 percent to 20 percent on nondefective items returned or exchanged.
The survey revealed that more than 1 out of 5 adults (22 percent) returned items that they received as gifts during last year's holiday season, suggesting that returns are an inevitable part of the retail industry, particularly following the holiday gift-giving rush.