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Affirmative Action

A series of policies a government or organization pursues to help a given demographic group, especially a historical minority, in work and/or education. Affirmative action may be mild; for example, race may be one of a number of factors a university considers when deciding admission. On the other hand, it may impose stringent requirements; for example, a government may oblige companies to abide by gender quotas when hiring.

Affirmative action as a policy is quite controversial. Proponents argue it helps engender equality among groups in society. Critics contend it does (or at least can) reward less qualified persons at the expense of more qualified persons.

The term "affirmative action" is predominantly American. The concept is called positive discrimination in the United Kingdom, employment equity in Canada and reservation in India.


The retention of some right by the grantor in a deed. Grantors may reserve a life estate, the mineral interests, or a right-of-way across the property, for example. Reservations appear in the reddendum clause of a deed.

References in periodicals archive ?
Additional employees include a full time office manager and two reservationists.
Anyone requiring special accommodations such as a wheelchair accessible room should let the reservationists know when reserving room.
New and improved booking and management services, GPS tools and a 20 percent increase in skilled, call-center reservationists, helps individuals and groups find the best value, while making holiday ground transportation easier than ever.
US Airways and Continental are the latest to join American in matching Northwest's new $5 fee for making a booking through their own reservationists, and $10 to buy a ticket at the airport.
His inflexible attitude effectively drove some of the mild reservationists, many of whom initially favored the League, although with reservations, into the camp of the irreconcilables.
The contract of the International Association of Mechanics, which represents 49,000 United Airlines mechanics, ramp workers, customer service agents and reservationists, came up for renewal in July.
His typology of Palestinians' political attitudes includes the following categories: accommodationists, reservationists, oppositionists, and rejectionists.
There have been stories of New York reservationists asking central Arkansas residents whether they will be flying into Arkadelphia to visit Lake DeGray or if they would like a king size bed or double bed at their site.
In addition to consolidating video conferencing operations in Malaysia, ACT has expanded its roster of highly specialized video engineers and video conference reservationists to efficiently support the anticipated demand, while maintaining a high level of customer satisfaction.