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A measure of a company's ability to meet its short-term obligations using its most liquid assets. It is calculated by subtracting inventories from current assets and dividing the quantity by its current liabilities. A higher acid-test ratio indicates greater short-term financial health. The acid-test ratio is more conservative than the current ratio, which measures much the same thing, because the current ratio excludes the value of inventory. This is because inventory can be less liquid than other current assets. The acid-test ratio thus measures a company's ability to meet obligations in a worst-case scenario. It is also called the quick ratio.
A relatively severe test of a company's liquidity and its ability to meet short-term obligations. The quick ratio is calculated by dividing all current assets with the exception of inventory by current liabilities. Inventory is excluded on the basis that it is the least liquid current asset. A relatively high quick ratio indicates conservative management and the ability to satisfy short-term obligations. Also called acid-test ratio. Compare cash ratio. See also current ratio, net quick assets.