Again, the mathematical calculations underlying the fact and sampling error probabilities
are blind to the quality of the statistical modeling, and the p-value does not reflect errors in modeling.
The suggestion that insurers are interested in reducing the probabilities
of loss for specific insureds is more a matter of hype than actuality.
1995; Curtice 1997b), we share Hoek & Gendall's belief that subjective probabilities
provide both a simpler and a more direct approach to measuring voters' likely behaviour on election day.
After we present some methods of counting, we examine probability theory, including topics from set theory, rules for calculating probabilities
, revision of probabilities
, and mathematical expectation.
The shuddering of the walls shifts the pattern of probabilities
that an electron is in a given location, making it possible for electrons to enter the dot from outside and for others to be ejected.
They were able to compare the potential effect of each analogy on the ultimate outcome using percentage probabilities
For a well made die, there is really only one symmetric probability, but there is an infinite number of experimental and subjective probabilities
NICE pre-test probabilities
of CAD (Table 1), are based on a version of Diamond and Forrester's pre-test probabilities
published in 1979, modified using data from Duke's cohort study, published in 1993.
P3) A risk manager is looking for the difference between the probabilities
that two stocks X and Y lose more than a prespecified loss level L.
Life tables are mathematical tables that document probabilities
of dying and life expectancies at different ages in a society.
of default rise and fall over a business cycle which allows a user to understand these peaks and troughs and to plan and react accordingly.
which are more formally called prior probabilities
, and from then